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The Marshall Superstar for March 20, 2024

NASA Space Technology

By Jessica Barnett

Space enthusiasts at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center were handled to a special show that contains technologist Les Johnson of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center and a watch at the lengthy flee of solar drift technology.

Johnson shared basically the most contemporary updates on the solar drift technology by intention of transient shows onstage in the Rocket Center’s atrium as effectively as one-on-one interactions with museum company at the many shows put collectively near the stage. He discussed how the technology will work, confirmed a video of the solar drift crew testing one in all the drift’s four quadrants, and discussed what it is far going to also suggest for the lengthy flee of home exploration.

“I’m brooding about this form of propulsion, since it’s free, it doesn’t flee out of gasoline, and also that it is probably you’ll also disclose it to discontinue wonderful things in the lengthy flee,” Johnson stated. “We can also execute in level of reality massive sails – 10 to 100 cases better than the List voltaic Cruiser drift – and rather then the usage of sunlight, we may maybe maybe per chance per chance also shine lasers on it and crawl out in the solar system, literally the do we’ve never been prior to.”

NASA continues to unfurl plans for solar drift technology as a promising intention of deep home transportation. The company cleared a key technology milestone in January with one in all four identical solar drift quadrants successfully deploying. Collectively, the solar drift quadrants will own up the 17,800-sq.-foot drift.

Marshall leads the solar drift crew, which involves Florida-basically based fully Redwire Corporation as high contractor and Huntsville-basically based fully NeXolve as subcontractor.

Barnett, a Media Fusion employee, helps the Marshall Space of work of Communications.

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Robert Champion has been named as supervisor of the SLS (Space Open Machine) Exploration Upper Stage Space of work at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, effective March twenty fourth.

In his role, he’ll be accountable for the endured pattern of the exploration greater stage on the more highly effective SLS Block 1B rocket, which is determined to debut for the Artemis IV mission. Marshall manages the SLS Program.

Champion has been director of the Space of work of Center Operations at Marshall since 2021. In that role, he managed center services and products that included industrial labor members of the family, environmental engineering, occupational health, facility administration, logistics and transportation, protective services and products, emergency administration, and subordinate space operations.

Champion previously served as the director of NASA’s Michoud Assembly Facility in Unique Orleans from 2019 to 2021; deputy director of Marshall’s Propulsion Programs Department from 2015 to 2019; deputy director of Marshall’s Space Programs Department from 2014 to 2015; and deputy director at Michoud from 2010 to 2014.

His 37-twelve months occupation at NASA has included leadership roles in engineering, program and challenge organizations centered on launch vehicle pattern, system engineering, and propulsion systems.

Champion has purchased quite so much of of NASA’s top awards, along with the Presidential Harmful Award, the Excellent Fulfillment Medal, the Medal for Excellent Provider, Space Flight Awareness Honoree, Director’s Commendation, and the Contracting Officers Technical Consultant of the twelve months.  He was chosen as an American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Affiliate fellow and acquired the group’s 2018-2019 Holger Toftoy Award for prominent technical administration in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics.

A local of Woodstock, Alabama, Champion holds a bachelor’s level in aerospace engineering from Auburn College. He lives in Hazel Inexperienced along with his companion, Maria Shelby. Mixed, they gain got six adult kids and 6 grandchildren.

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June Malone has been named as director of the Space of work of Center Operations at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, effective March 24.

With an annual funds of roughly $94 million, the group involves 120 engineers and in level of reality perfect civil servants and more than 500 contractors. Services and products offered by Center Operations encompass industrial labor members of the family, environmental engineering, occupational health, facility administration, logistics and transportation, protective services and products, emergency administration, and subordinate space operations.

Malone has been director of the Space of work of Strategic Analysis & Communications at Marshall since 2021. In that role, she led the group in providing strategic planning, purpose evaluation, and whole communication to enhance the protection, program, and funds decisions for the guts.

Malone has labored in a diversity of leadership roles all over her 30-twelve months NASA occupation. She previously was supervisor for Marshall’s Space of work of Communications from 2019 to 2021, overseeing the guts’s full communications portfolio, along with media, social media, internet space deliver, presentations, history, and employee communications. Beforehand in 2019, she labored in Marshall’s Space of work of Human Capital, the do she established a contemporary Human Resources Swap Companion group and running mannequin. She additionally held a twelve months-lengthy snarl in 2016-2017 as deputy director of the Space of work of Strategic Analysis & Communications.

From 2014-2016 and all over again 2017-2019, Malone was supervisor of Marshall’s Space of work of Dialog, guiding media and social media for all center projects, programs, and activities, along with disaster and menace communication. She has managed public affairs and media members of the family activities for the Space Shuttle Propulsion Initiatives Space of work, the Space Open Initiative, the Developed Space Transportation Program, and the total suite of science and engineering work at Marshall. She was the main NASA spokesperson for the Space Shuttle Propulsion Initiatives Space of work, communicating with media and the final public on technical issues and controversial considerations that included the Columbia accident and Return to Flight.

Sooner than joining NASA in 1991, Malone was an packed with life-responsibility Air Power officer from 1985-1991. She labored at the Pentagon on the secretary of the Air Power workers in the Space of work of Public Affairs as a public affairs officer, and therefore at Tactical Air Expose at Langley Air Power Poke in Hampton, Virginia, at some level of Operation Desolate tract Storm. She formulated and utilized public affairs and media members of the family protection, strategic public affairs activities, and media members of the family plans.

Malone holds a bachelor’s level in communications from Southern Illinois College and a grasp’s level in communications research from The Florida Divulge College in Tallahassee. Her awards encompass a Silver Snoopy, NASA Excellent Management Medal, Air Power Meritorious Provider Medal, and Rotary Nationwide Award for Dialog.

An Illinois native, Malone and her husband, Roy, stay in Huntsville. Their son, Wil, is a NASA engineer, and their daughter, Madison, is a medical doctor in San Francisco.

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By Rick Smith

For 30 whole minutes in February, NASA lit a beacon on the Moon – successfully testing a refined positioning system that can own it safer for Artemis-technology explorers to chat about with and place a permanent human presence on the lunar ground.

The Lunar Node 1 demonstrator, or LN-1, is an self sustaining navigation system supposed to present a accurate-time, level-to-level communications network on the Moon. The system – examined at some level of Intuitive Machines’IM-1 missionas piece of NASA’s CLPS (Commercial Lunar Payload Services and products) initiative – can also link orbiters, landers, and even individual astronauts on the ground, digitally verifying every explorer’s snarl relative to assorted networked spacecraft, ground stations, or rovers on the transfer.

That system may maybe maybe per chance well be a marked enchancment over dilapidated, Earth-basically based fully radio knowledge relays, NASA researchers stated – even more so in comparison to Apollo-technology astronauts searching to “eyeball” distance and direction on the gigantic, mostly grey lunar ground.

“We’ve lit a non permanent beacon on the lunar shore,” stated Evan Anzalone, LN-1 major investigator at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.“Now, we be aware to notify a sustainable local network – a series of lighthouses that level the technique for spacecraft and ground crews to soundly, confidently spread out and explore.”

The experiment was launched Feb. 15 as a payload on the IM-1 mission. The Nova-C lander, named Odysseus, successfully touched down Feb. 22 near Malapert A, a lunar impression crater near the Moon’s South Pole space, executing the main American commercial uncrewed touchdown on the Moon. The lander spent its subsequent days on the ground conductingsix science and technology demonstrationsamongst them LN-1, prior to it formally powered down on Feb. 29.

“This feat from Intuitive Machines, SpaceX, and NASA demonstrates the promise of American leadership in home and the energy of commercial partnerships below NASA’s CLPS initiative,” NASA Administrator Invoice Nelson stated in a statement after the touchdown. “Extra, this success opens the door for mark contemporary voyages below Artemis to send astronauts to the Moon, then on to Mars.”

At some level of IM-1’s translunar hotfoot, the Marshall crew conducted every day tests of the LN-1 beacon. The normal concept was for the payload to transmit its beacon across the clock upon touchdown. NASA’sDeep Space Network,the worldwide extensive radio antenna array, would gain purchased that model for, on moderate, 10 hours every day.

As a replacement, as a end result of the lander’s touchdown orientation, LN-1 conducted two 15-minute transmissions from the ground. DSN sources successfully locked on the model, feeding telemetry, navigation measurements, and various knowledge to researchers at Marshall, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and Morehead Divulge College in Morehead, Kentucky. The crew continues to think referring to the knowledge.

LN-1 even offered serious backup to IM-1’s onboard navigation system, effectively-known Dr. Susan Lederer, CLPS challenge scientist at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. The LN-1 crew “in level of reality stepped as much as the duty,” she stated, by relaying spacecraft positioning knowledge at some level of translunar flight to NASA’s Deep Space Network satellites at the Goldstone and Madrid Deep Space Communications Complexes in Fortress Irwin, California, and Robledo de Chavela, Spain, respectively.

In time, navigation aids equivalent to Lunar Node-1 will seemingly be frail to enhance navigation and communication relays and ground nodes, providing elevated robustness and functionality to a diversity of users in orbit and on the ground.

Because the lunar infrastructure expands, Anzalone envisions LN-1 evolving into one thing equivalent to a network that monitors and maintains a busy metropolitan subway system, monitoring every “disclose” in accurate time, and running as one piece of a better,LunaNet-like minded structure, augmenting assortedNASAandworldwide investmentsalong with the Jap Aerospace Exploration Agency’sLunar Navigation Satellite Machine.

And the technology guarantees even elevated rate to NASA’sMoon to Marsefforts, he stated. LN-1 can also fair give a clutch to knowledge transport to lunar explorers by factual a topic of seconds over dilapidated relays – nonetheless accurate-time navigation and positioning turns into rather more a need to-gain on Mars, the do transmission de lays from Earth can clutch as much as twenty minutes.

“That’s a extraordinarily lengthy time to appear ahead to a spacecraft pilot making a precision orbital adjustment, or folk traversing uncharted Martian landscapes,” Anzalone stated. “LN-1 can own lighthouse beacons of each explorer, vehicle, non permanent or lengthy-time interval camp, and space of hobby we send to the Moon and to Mars.”

Marshall engineers designed, developed, built-in, and examined LN-1 as piece of the NPLP (NASA-Equipped Lunar Payloads) challenge funded by the company’s Science Mission Directorate. Marshall additionally developed MAPS (Multi-spacecraft Self sustaining Positioning Machine), the underlying networked laptop navigation application. MAPS previously was examined on the World Space Situation in 2018, the usage ofNASA’s Space Communications and Navigations (SCaN) Testbed.

NASA’s CLPS initiative oversees industry pattern, testing, and launch of shrimp robotic landers and rovers supporting NASA’sArtemis campaign. Be taught moreright here.

Smith, an Aeyon/MTS employee, helps the Marshall Space of work of Communications.

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As piece of NASA’sArtemiscampaign to return folk to the Moon for the earnings of all, the company is working with SpaceX to execute the company’s Starship human touchdown system (HLS), which is able to land astronauts near the Moon’s South Pole at some level of theArtemis IIIand Artemis IV missions. On March 14, SpaceX launched the third built-in flight take a look at of its Extensive Heavy booster and Starship greater stage, a extraordinarily major milestone toward providing NASA with a Starship HLS for its Artemis missions.

A complement of 33 Raptor engines, fueled by smooth-cooled liquid methane and liquid oxygen, powered the Extensive Heavy booster with Starship stacked on top, from the company’s Starbase orbital launch pad at 8:25 a.m. CDT. Starship, the usage of six Raptor engines, separated from the Extensive Heavy booster employing a hot-staging technique to fire the engines prior to separation at roughly three minutes into the flight, in maintaining with the flight concept. This was the third flight take a look at of the built-in Extensive Heavy-Starship system.

“With every flight take a look at, SpaceX attempts an increasing number of formidable targets for Starship to learn as grand as that it is probably you’ll per chance per chance well be also take into consideration for future mission systems pattern. The flexibility to take a look at key systems and processes in flight eventualities like these built-in tests permits each NASA and SpaceX to web an major knowledge wished for the endured pattern of Starship HLS,” stated Lisa Watson-Morgan, HLS Program Manager at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.

This take a look at achieved quite so much of major firsts that can contribute to the enchancment of Starship for Artemis lunar touchdown missions. The spacecraft reached its anticipated orbit and Starship achieved the total-length ascent burn.

One purpose carefully tied to future Artemis operations is the transfer of thousands of kilos of cryogenic propellant between internal tanks at some level of the spacecraft’s skim section as piece of NASA’s Space Expertise Missions Directorate2020 Tipping Point awards. The propellant transfer demonstration operations were achieved, and the NASA-SpaceX crew is currently reviewing the flight knowledge that was purchased. This Tipping Point technology demonstration is one in all more than 20 pattern activities NASA is enterprise tocure the challenges of the usage of cryogenic fluidsat some level of future missions.

As a key step toward working out how smooth-cooled propellant sloshes all over the tanks when the engines shut down, and how that motion impacts Starship’s balance whereas in orbit, engineers will watch flight take a look at knowledge to assess the performance of thrusters that attach watch over Starship’s orientation in home. They are additionally to learn more about how the fluid’s motion all over the tanks will also be settled to maximise propellant transfer effectivity and make certain Raptor engines receive wished propellant stipulations to enhance restart in orbit.

“Storing and transferring cryogenic propellant in orbit has never been tried on this scale prior to,” stated Jeremy Kenny, challenge supervisor, NASA’s Cryogenic Fluid Administration Portfolio at Marshall. “However right here’s a sport-changing technology that ought to be developed and matured for science and exploration missions at the Moon, Mars, and folk that can enterprise even deeper into our solar system.”

Under NASA’s Artemis campaign, the company will land the main lady, first person of color, and its first worldwide partner astronaut on the lunar ground and put collectively for human expeditions to Mars. Commercial human touchdown systems are serious to deep home exploration, along with the Space Open Machine rocket, Orion spacecraft, developed spacesuits and rovers, exploration ground systems, and the Gateway home region.

Be taught more about NASA’s Human Touchdown Machine.

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A take a look at article of the everyday stage adapter for NASA’s more highly effective version of itsSLS (Space Open Machine)rocket arrived to Building 4619 at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center on Feb. 22 from Leidos in Decatur, Alabama.

The everyday stage adapter will connect the rocket’s upgraded in-home propulsion stage, known as the exploration greater stage, to NASA’s Orion spacecraft as piece of the developedBlock 1B configurationof the SLS rocket. This can also fair additionally lend a hand as a compartment in a position to accommodating mammoth payloads, equivalent to modules or assorted exploration spacecraft. The SLS Block 1B variant will debut on Artemis IV and can also fair elevate SLS’s payload functionality to send more than 84,000 kilos to the Moon in a single launch.

In Building 4619’s Load Take a look at Annex Excessive Bay atMarshallthe enchancment take a look at article will first endure modal testing that can shake the hardware to validate dynamic objects. Later, at some level of final load testing, drive will seemingly be utilized vertically and to the facets of the hardware. No longer just like the flight hardware, the enchancment take a look at article has flaws deliberately included in its own, which is able to aid engineers study that the adapter can face as much as the intense forces this can also fair face at some level of launch and flight.

The take a look at article joins an already-wealthy history of rocket hardware that has undergone excessive-and-low rigidity, acoustic, and excessive temperature testing in the multipurpose, excessive-bay take a look at facility; this may maybe per chance per chance per chance well also be examined in the same space that after bent, compressed, and torqued the core stageintertank take a look at articlefor SLS rocket’s Block 1 configuration. Leidos, the high contractor for the everyday stage adapter, manufactured the total-scale prototype at its Aerospace Constructions Advanced in Decatur.

NASA is working to land the main lady, first person of color, and its first worldwide partner astronaut on the Moon below Artemis. SLS is piece of NASA’s backbone for deep home exploration, along with the Orion spacecraft and Gateway in orbit across the Moon and commercial human touchdown systems, next-generational spacesuits, and rovers on the lunar ground. SLS is really the most straightforward rocket that can per chance per chance send Orion, astronauts, and provides to the Moon in a single launch.

Marshall manages the SLS and human touchdown system programs.

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When NASA’sDART(Double Asteroid Redirection Take a look at)deliberately smashedinto a 560-foot-wide asteroid on Sept. 26, 2022, it made its label in more techniques than one. The demonstration confirmed that akinetic impactorcan also deflect a unsafe asteroid ought to 1 ever be on a collision course with Earth. Now a contemporary watch printed in thePlanetary Science Journalreveals the impression modified no longer simplest the motion of the asteroid, nonetheless additionally its shape.

DART’s purpose, the asteroid Dimorphos, orbits a better near-Earth asteroid known as Didymos. Earlier than the impression, Dimorphos had a roughly symmetrical “oblate spheroid” shape – like a squashed ball that is wider than it is substantial. With a effectively-defined, circular orbit at a distance of about 3,900 toes from Didymos, Dimorphos took 11 hours and 55 minutes to cease one loop around Didymos.

“When DART made impression, things obtained very attention-grabbing,” stated Shantanu Naidu, a navigation engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, who led the watch. “Dimorphos’ orbit is no longer circular: Its orbital interval” – the time it takes to cease a single orbit – “is now 33 minutes and 15 seconds shorter. And all of the shape of the asteroid has modified, from a barely symmetrical object to a ‘triaxial ellipsoid’ – one thing more like an oblong watermelon.”

Naidu’s crew frail three knowledge sources of their laptop objects to infer what had took place to the asteroid after impression. The principle provide was aboard DART: The spacecraftcaptured shotsas it approached the asteroid and sent them back to Earth by intention of NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN). These shots offered conclude-up measurements of the opening between Didymos and Dimorphos whereas additionally gauging the scale of each asteroids factual prior to impression.

The 2nd knowledge provide was the DSN’s Goldstone List voltaic Machine Radar, positioned near Barstow, California, which bounced radio waves off each asteroids to exactly measure the snarl and bustle of Dimorphos relative to Didymos after impression. Radar observations hasty helped NASA discontinue that DART’s lift out on the asteroidvery much exceededthe minimum expectations.

The third and most major provide of files: ground telescopes across the enviornment that measured each asteroids’ “gentle curve,” or how the sunlight reflecting off the asteroids’ surfaces modified over time. By evaluating the sunshine curves prior to and after impression, the researchers can also learn how DART altered Dimorphos’ motion.

As Dimorphos orbits, it periodically passes in entrance of after which at the back of Didymos. In these so-known as “mutual events,” one asteroid can solid a shadow on the assorted, or block our glimpse from Earth. In either case, a non permanent dimming – a dip in the sunshine curve – will seemingly be recorded by telescopes.

Look the DART impression with NASA’s Eyes on the List voltaic Machine.

“We frail the timing of this accurate series of gentle-curve dips to infer the shape of the orbit, and because our objects were so tender, we may maybe maybe per chance per chance also additionally favor out the shape of the asteroid,” stated Steve Chesley, a senior research scientist at JPL and watch co-author. The crew found Dimorphos’ orbit is now rather elongated, or eccentric. “Earlier than impression,” Chesley endured, “the cases of the events took place recurrently, exhibiting a circular orbit. After impression, there were very dinky timing differences, exhibiting one thing was askew. We never anticipated to acquire this form of accuracy.”

The objects are so accurate, they even show that Dimorphos rocks backwards and forwards as it orbits Didymos, Naidu stated.

The crew’s objects additionally calculated how Dimorphos’ orbital interval developed. Straight after impression, DART reduced the moderate distance between the two asteroids, sh ortening Dimorphos’ orbital interval by 32 minutes and 42 seconds, to 11 hours, 22 minutes, and 37 seconds.

Over the next weeks, the asteroid’s orbital interval endured to shorten as Dimorphos lost more rocky discipline topic to home, lastly settling at 11 hours, 22 minutes, and 3 seconds per orbit – 33 minutes and 15 seconds less time than prior to impression. This calculation is honest to internal 1 ½ seconds, Naidu stated. Dimorphos now has an moderate orbital distance from Didymos of about 3,780 toes – about 120 toes nearer than prior to impression.

“The outcomes of this watch have faith others that are being printed,” stated Tom Statler, lead scientist forsolar system shrimp our bodiesat NASA Headquarters. “Seeing separate teams analyze the knowledge and independently almost about the same conclusions is a trademark of a solid scientific end result. DART is no longer simplest exhibiting us the pathway to an asteroid-deflection technology, it’s revealing contemporary classic working out of what asteroids are and how they behave.”

These results and observations of thedebrisleft after impression show that Dimorphos is a loosely packed “rubble pile” object, same toasteroid Bennu. ESA’s (European Space Agency) Hera mission, deliberate to launch in October 2024, will hotfoot to the asteroid pair to enact a detailed glimpse and verify how DART reshaped Dimorphos.

DART was designed, built, and operated by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, for NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Space of work, which oversees the company’s ongoing efforts in planetary defense. The mission is a challenge of the company’s Planetary Mission Program Space of workwhich is at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center. DART was humanity’s first mission to deliberately transfer a celestial object.

JPL, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages the DSN for NASA’s Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program all over the Space Operations Mission Directorate at the company’s headquarters.

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Instruments installs, health investigations, and practising occupied the time desk aboard theWorld Space Situationon March 19 as the seven orbital residents near the appearance of three crew participants and a cargo transport.

NASA’s SpaceX30th commercial resupply missionto the region is scheduled for launch at 3:55 p.m. CDT March 21 from Space Open Advanced 40 in Florida. The Dragon cargo craft will notify food, provides, andcontemporary scienceinvestigations to the crew, along with a series ofsensorsfor the free-flying Astrobee robots and a contemporarybotany experimentto inquire how two styles of grass capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Dragon will autonomously dock to the zenith port of the Team spirit module at 6:30 a.m. March 23.

Earlier than Dragon’s liftoff, three crew participants – NASA astronaut Tracy Dyson, cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky, and Flight Engineer Marina Vasilevskaya of Belarus – will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 8:21 a.m. March 21. The worldwide crew will clutch a short high-tail to the region, docking simplest about a hours later at 11:39 p.m., prior to opening the hatch and joining theExpedition 70crew in microgravity. Dyson will launch a six-month microgravity research mission once aboard, whereas Novitsky and Vasilevskaya will exhaust 12 days on region prior to departing back to Earth with NASA astronaut Loral O’Hara.

NASA TV will duvet each launches starting at 7:20 a.m. and 3:35 p.m. respectively.

Aboard region, the crew returned to work March 19 following about a days off-responsibility. At some level of the day, O’Hara and two of her NASA crewmates, Michael Barratt and Matthew Dominick, achieved a round of SpaceX Dragon rendezvous practising before Dragon’s cargo arrival.

The HOSC (Huntsville Operations Improve Center) at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center provides engineering and mission operations strengthen for the residence region, the Commercial Crew Program, and Artemis missions, as effectively as science and technology demonstration missions. The Payload Operations Integration Center all over the HOSC operates, plans, and coordinates the science experiments onboard the residence region twelve months a twelve months, 24 hours a day.

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Technicians at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center no longer too lengthy ago completely extended the main of two five-panel solar arrays for the company’s Europa Clipper spacecraft. The mission is featured in “This Week @ NASA,” a weekly video program broadcast on NASA-TV and posted online.

The 46.5-foot arrays additionally will seemingly be inspected and cleaned as piece of assembly, take a look at, and launch operations. Targeted for launch in October 2024, the mission will watch Jupiter’s moon Europa, which is believed to gain a world ocean below its chilly crust that has more water than all of Earth’s oceans blended.

Managed by Caltech in Pasadena, California, JPL leads the enchancment of the Europa Clipper mission in partnership with the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. APL designed the main spacecraft body in collaboration with JPL and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. The Planetary Missions Program Space of work at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center executes program administration of the Europa Clipper mission.

See this and outdated episodes at “This Week @NASA” on NASA’sYouTubeinternet page.

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